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2001年度 2002年度 2006年度 a
Singapore Canada Canada
HongKong Japan California
SouthKorea California Malaysia
Ebonics Taiwan
China 1 Korea
China 2
Spain
Immigrants
Practicum


Bilingual Education in Canada -FSL-

Introduction

3 kinds of bilingual education

・ English education for French speaking people
French educaiton for English speaking people
・ Heritage language education for minority language speaking people

Language related events in Canada

Quiet Revolution → beginning of French Immersion
・Official Language Act(1969) → English and French become official languages

French Immersion

・French Immersion teaches French through the learning of other subjects.
(such as mathematics and social studies)

Two types of immersion program

Early Immersion - from kindergarten or grade 1
Late Immersion - from junior high school

Effects of immersion program

・facilitating the French language competence
・developing L1 competence
・developing general competence

Problems on immersion program

・cannot communicate accurately
・condition for FI is not quite formed yet
・only 15% of students enroll in FI

Core French

・Study French as just an subject - from grade 4

Problems on Core French

・Limited time and teaching resource
・Lack of communication skills

Intensive French

・Enrichment of Core French
・Study French intensively in a short period of time
・Other subjects are reduced during concentrate period.

Result of Intensive French
・No negative effect are indicated
・English skill is also improved
・Students become more autonomous

Conclusion

・There are several forms in Bilingual Education in Canada
- but those are still on developmental stage