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Practicum


Language Education in Malaysia

Introduction
・1962〜 Bumiputera policy

・1966〜2000 Malaysia plan
-during this period...
----513affair
----Economic differences

Through those events, Bumiputera policy was more strengthened

Bumiputera policy and language educaiton

Malay became a national language
Teaching language = Malay only (until 1990)

Malay began to be treated with special favor in an entrance exam

Use of languages except Malay in elementary education was prohibited

Malay centered education

1. Preschool Education
--- teaching in two languages (English and Malay)

2. Elementary Education
--- National elementary school
--- National type elementary school
Most non-Malayan went to national type school

3. Secondary Education
--- Remove class - for students from national type school
Divided in three grades
--- Form 1〜3 - 4 languages program
--- Form 4〜5 - General curriculum and curriculum for technical and occupational class
--- Form 6 - General schools and schools established by university

4. Higher Education
--- Public institutions
--- Private institutions
--- 3+0 program
++++enabled students to take a degree of foreign university in Malaysia without studying abroad.

Recent English situation in Malaysia

Problems caused by Bumiputera Policy
・General drop in academic ability
・Competent people went to abroad for English education.
・Higher level tasks or articles are written in English
--- A drop in English ability

Changes in society -questions to Malay-centered education-
・1991〜 Vision 2020 - to become an economically developed country
・2003〜 at public elementary and junior high school - teaching Math and Science in English

Conclusion

After colonization
---People could use their own mother tongue freely

After independence
・Malay became national language
・Malay was treated with special favor
・A drop in English ability
・Chinese and Tamil were restricted